Watch the video extract as seen on YouTube, then read the full tutorial below.

Click the Full Screen button on the player to watch it in HD. |

## Excel VLOOKUP Exact Match Formulas Explained

VLOOKUP is my favourite Excel Formula! Perhaps because it was one of the first formulas I mastered that gave me an insight into the power of Excel and how it could help me in my job.

It enables you to get analysis and calculations done in minutes that would take hours manually. And once you master it you’ll find you have the occasion to use it all the time.

Interestingly there’s two ways you can use it but I find that most people know one way or the other, and only a few know both.

In this article we’re going take a look at the Exact Match version of the formula, but first let’s set the scene.

*By the way, the other way is what I call the Sorted List VLOOKUP.*

In the list below we want to calculate a commission in column F for each builder. But each builder has a specific commission rate they are entitled to. Thankfully we have this information in a table to the right, and this is where we give VLOOKUP the opportunity to strut its stuff.

**The Syntax is:**

VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num ,range_lookup)

**And to translate it into English it would read:**

VLOOKUP(find this value, in that table, return the value in column x of the table, but only return a result if you can match the value exactly)

Let’s make it even clearer by applying it to our example:

VLOOKUP(find the name Doug from cell B2, in the Commission Rates table H2:I9, return the value in column 2 of the table, but only return a value if you find the exact name Doug in the Commission Rates table, otherwise give me an error)

**Firstly let me clarify some points:**

1) **‘Return the value in column 2 of the table’ **is referring to the column number in the table H2:I9, not the column number of the spreadsheet. The information we want returned is the percentage rate, and it is in the second column of the Commission Rates table.

2) **‘Only return a result if you can match the value exactly’** is telling Excel that we only want information returned if it matches our criteria exactly. i.e. Find Doug in our Commission Rates Table, and if you can’t find Doug, give me an error. The error displayed will be #N/A.

On the other hand, if we told Excel it was ok to **not** find an exact match, it would return the next best result. i.e. If Doug wasn’t in our Table Excel would return the next best result. In this example we wouldn’t want it to do that, but this option is handy in other situations which we’ll cover in another tutorial.

OK, now that’s clarified, in Excel our formula in column F for the above example would be:

=VLOOKUP(B2,$H$2:$I$9,2,FALSE)

Note: Where ‘FALSE’ is telling Excel we want it to find an Exact Match only.

Our Excel table would then look like this with the VLOOKUP formula in column F:

You’ll notice in the formula bar above there are ‘$’ signs around the reference to the table H2:I9. This is called an absolute reference and it allows us to quickly copy the formula down column F without Excel dynamically updating the table range as we copy.

**How can we make this VLOOKUP formula even better?**

Assuming the end result of our example exercise is to actually calculate the commission $ amount, we could make this formula even better by doing this in one step in column F. Let’s say commission is calculated as Total $k x Commission %, our formula in cell F2 would read:

=VLOOKUP(B2,$H$2:$I$9,2,FALSE)*E2

And in seconds we can have hundreds of calculations done!

**Rules, Common Mistakes and Troubleshooting!**

1) VLOOKUP formulas read from left to right. You must have the information you are looking up (in our example Doug in the Commission Rates Table), in a column to the left of the information you want returned, in our example the ‘percentage rate’. i.e. it has to go ‘Doug’, then ‘% rate’. Excel wouldn’t be able to find it if it went ‘% Rate’ then ‘Doug’.

2) You can have as many columns as you like in your Table, just so long as you follow the ‘left to right’ rule above.

3) The ‘Table’ you are looking up can be in the same spreadsheet, or a different sheet in the same workbook, or in a different workbook altogether.

4) The table doesn’t have to be sorted in any particular order, but you must not have duplicates, unless the information on each duplicate is exactly the same. For example, if Doug appeared twice in our Commission Rates table with different percentage rates for each instance, Microsoft Excel would return the rate on the first instance of Doug.

5) The formula isn’t case sensitive, so ‘Doug’ could be ‘doug’ or ‘Doug’ in either column B or the table.

6) What does it mean when my VLOOKUP returns a #N/A? It means Excel can’t find the value you’re trying to look up in your table. If you get this, but you can ‘plain as day’ see it’s there in the table. Then it’s likely you’ve got one value formatted as Text and another formatted as General. To check this go to each cell you’re referencing and look in the formula bar to see if one is prefixed by an apostrophe ‘. You can only see the apostrophe from the formula bar. See example below.

Basically Excel reads text prefixed with an apostrophe as different to text without, even though on the face of the spreadsheet they might look the same. You need to make sure both the value you’re looking up, and the value in the table either both have the apostrophe, or both don’t. The quickest way to get rid of the apostrophes is to do ‘Text to Columns’, or run it through the VALUE function, which converts numbers formatted as text to actual numbers.

7) This formula works the same in Microsoft Excel 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2013.

The VLOOKUP is a fairly basic formula, but its applications are vast, especially when you combine it with other formulas like IF statements, SUMIF and so on.

Download the Excel workbook used in this example so you can practice to make sure you really get it and can take advantage of its power. *Note: this is a .xlsx workbook, please ensure your browser doesn’t change the file extension on download.*

## More VLOOKUP Examples

Check out this list of our best VLookup tutorials

If you found this useful please share it with your friends and colleagues using the Google+1, LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter buttons.

kumar says

Madam, I find the tuitorial guide very helpful. Would you please explain to me how we proceed with VLOOKUP using multiples sheet.

Thanking you

Kumar

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Kumar.

You can see the VLOOKUP for multiple sheets tutorial here:

http://www.myonlinetraininghub.com/excel-vlookup-multiple-sheets

Kind regards,

Mynda

Peik says

Learn far from here

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Peik

José Andrade says

Hello MEL

Yes their are very lively presentations are excellent and make Excel be simple.

Mel says

Hi Mynda, I am trying to do some analysis on a s/s. I have a worksheet which has data arranged in columns, such as instance, location, months. I have another s/s with new data for the current month. I am trying to compare data from the current month to the existing s/s and if data (instance and locations) match, then add this new data as a new column to the existing s/s. The instances column should have unique data, but if there are data in the new or existing s/s that do not match, then append them at the bottom of the existing s/s. What formula should I use? Thanks for your help.

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Mel,

I hate to say this but I think your approach isn’t ideal. There is no easy way to do what you describe using formulas… or any other Excel tool.

Perhaps if you can send me your workbook I can better understand what you’re trying to do and give you some advice on how to acheive the same end result with some changes to your process.

You can send your file and description of what you want and where via our help desk – anything you send is kept confidential.

In the meantime you might find this tutorial on Tabular Data helpful.

Kind regards,

Mynda

rahul says

got gd

Ranjha says

Very useful material.

Mynda Treacy says

Glad we could help, Ranjha

murtaza begi says

hi can you please sent me a emaill and explean the why we use the VLOOKUP AND ALSO EXPLAN AS WELL THANKS A LOT PLEASE

Catalin Bombea says

Hi,

VLOOKUP is an Excel Function that is used within tables to help filter through large volumes of data and

select the appropriate data based on given conditions. The VLOOKUP formula would automatically look through the list of your Objects and pick out

the corresponding data.

The function is very well described in this tutorial , please take your time to understand the explanations, you can also download an example workbook, the link for download is at the end of the tutorial.

Catalin

Yogi says

Wonderful, I need some more examples to master this formula. i would also like to learn about sub total.

Thanks

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Yogi. If you mean the SUBTOTAL Function you can learn it here.

Otherwise, a tutorial on the Subtotal tool is here.

Cheers,

Mynda.

Harish says

Nice information….

Mynda Treacy says

Thank you, Harish

P says

Loved it. Nice and simple and that “plain english” translation is just superb !!!!

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, P. Glad you found it useful

sim says

by v look up the answer comes only up in the function arguments but in the cell only coming up v look up (example) but not the answer

Mynda Treacy says

Sorry, Sim. I don’t understand. Can you please give me an example?

Cheers,

Mynda.

bns says

Sir,

In my Laptop Excel sheet’s are viewing as for Rows 1,2,3,… are making visible and for coloums 1,2,3….. are visibling insted of A,B,C… how to chage it?

Mynda Treacy says

Hi BNS,

You’ve got R1C1 reference style turned on. To turn it off you need to access the Options (Office button for 2007 or File tab for 2010) > Formulas category > uncheck ‘R1C1 reference style’.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Charles Taylor says

Can solve this puzzle from a spread sheet from 1996 deals with gas processing Question on VLOOKUP Function This is part of a spread sheet

Amine Treater

Amine type (MEA, DEA, MDEA) DEA Typical Amine solution properties are shown below:

Many cells left out

Amine Properties Lookup Table

Amine Wt% Loading SG @ 120F Mole Wt BTU/Gal

MEA 15 0.33 0.99 61.08 1200

DGA 50 0.35 1.058 105.14 1300

DEA 30 0.35 1.02 105.14 1100

MDEA 50 0.35 1.03 119.16 1000

Intermediate Calculation Results

CO2 and H2S to be removed 60.84 lb-moles/hr

Solution specific gravity 1.04 VLOOKUP(UPPER($C$27),PROP,4,FALSE)

Amine molecular weight 105.14 =VLOOKUP(UPPER($C$27),PROP,5,FALSE) Do you know how cell DEA($C$27) at the top of the sheet is referenced to the two cells for Specific Gravity 1.04 & Molecular Weight 105.14 is nested or referenced?

Can’t find the chart UPPER on the spread sheet. PROP is Amine Look Up Table, immediately above the text.

Could send he spread sheet to you.

Regards….

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Charles,

I think it’s best if you send me the Excel file so I can see what you’re talking about.

Cheers,

Mynda.

ateny says

It is very helpful website I have ever visited. I recommended already to all of my friends and the love it.

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Ateny

David T says

Great!

I got a format from a resigned employee, but I don’t understand “,IF({1,0},…”, I cannot find information why there is {1,0} in the IF.

=VLOOKUP(B2&E2,IF({1,0},’PT New Sales’!$C$2:$C$200&’PT New Sales’!$F$2:$F$200,’PT New Sales’!$G$2:$G$200),2,FALSE)

Please help, Thanks

Mynda Treacy says

Hi David T,

In the IF({1,0} the 1 = TRUE and the 0 = FALSE.

The formula is testing to see if the value in B2 is in the range C2:C200, and if the value in E2 is in the range F2:F200, if both match return the value in column G.

It’s an interesting formula. I have not seen it done this way before. I hope that helps.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

P.S. I have to thank Roberto Mensa for helping me clarify what this formula is doing

Barb Laing says

You bring clarity to Excel. I am not just applying a formula, now I know what each component parts mean.

Thank you

Barb

Mynda Treacy says

That’s my pleasure, Barb

Ramkumar says

S..really it’s a great job.

Mynda Treacy says

Cheers, Ramkumar

yash says

It is very useful,thanks for that,but i want to ask,if Commissioning rates(As per example) is another excel sheet,so can we use vlookup,I tried but is showing error?

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Yash,

Please send your file here HELP DESK.\

I just want to see why it’s an error and how you did it.

Cheers,

CarloE

Penelope says

Firstly thanks for an awesome site. I have intermediate excel skills, but you’re explanations have made learning new formulas really easy!

In relation to VLOOKUP – I’m using it in a training register to confirm who has completed which training on what date. The column with the formula is formatted for dates as dd/mm/yyyy. Some people haven’t completed the training yet, and rather than leaving the cell blank it gives the result 0/01/1900. This is the formula as I’ve put it in the sheet =VLOOKUP($A5,Induction!$A:$C,3,FALSE). Is there any thing I can do to make it leave the cell blank if the reference is blank or perhaps a different formula I could use

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Penelope,

All you need to do is put it inside an IF function like this:

More IFs

Cheers,

CarloE

Penelope says

Thanks heaps for that CarloE

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Penelope,

My pleasure.

Cheers,

CarloE

Pero Peric says

Dear,

I need a help with Excel formula, probably it’s easy but I can’t get it!

I have a table of one month and in 2right columns 2 figures, the form is used for account.

I made a box with Now() and want to make a formula to take data from table for present day. So first have to confirm same date as today from table and then to take data from 2right columns.

Thank You Very Much in Advance

Pero

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Pero,

Please send your file via help desk. and we can look at this for you.

Cheers,

Carlo

arvind says

I downloaded the Excel workbook excercises (http://www.myonlinetraininghub.com/excel-2007-%e2%80%93-vlookup-formulas-explained) but they would not open in Excel. It would be appreciated if you can help me to overcome this problem.

Thank you for your help.

Arvind

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Arvind,

I would say either your browser has changed the file extension of the workbook from .xlsx to something else, or you are using Excel version pre-2007?

You can try again and make sure the file extension is .xlsx of the saved file.

If you have Excel 2003 or earlier let us know and we’ll make a pre-2007 version available.

Cheers.

CarloE

HASSAN KARIM says

hi mynda,

can u help me in vlookup formula.i think it is scarry for how use this formula in very easy.i have two difrent sheet in two difrent file .tell me how can i handle this…………plzzzzzzzzzzzzz

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Hassan,

Here’s an example. I want to lookup Aquino, Greg’s position in Sheet2

The Formula:

Data:

Workbook1:Sheet1

Workbook2: Sheet1

Read More: VLOOKUP

Cheers.

CarloE

Manoj Yadav says

If some time invest the amt 12000 in medicine and after the selling received total amt 18000 , how many % income

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Manoj,

It’s a simple formula.

Data:

Formula:

I hope it helps.

Cheers.

CarloE

Proficient says

Hi Mynda!

We can use Vlookup either side…

=VLOOKUP(E2,CHOOSE({1,2},$B$2:$B$13,$A$2:$A$13),2,FALSE)

=VLOOKUP(CRITERIA,CHOOSE({1,2},CRITERIA RANGE,LOOKUP RANGE),COLUMN NUMBER,FALSE)

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Proficient,

Thanks for sharing.

You may also read our similar post here: VLOOKUP and CHOOSE

Cheers.

CarloE

Jasim says

Many Thanks..

Mynda Treacy says

Cheers, Jasim. You’re welcome

mohammed adil says

Hi

I have two tables one with colum name as “login id” and another with “computer name” and same colum in other sheet. i just want to compair login id and copy respective computer name to it. i tryed following funtion

=VLOOKUP(A2,sheet2!A:b,2,0) result is #N/A

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Mohammed Adil,

Your VLookup should look like this:

Your Table Array part don’t have the row arguments. It must have the numbers in other words i.e. Shee2!A2:B4.

Read more on VLOOKUP BASICS

Sincerely,

CarloE

Lynn says

I have used this lookup formula for years with complete confidence.

=if(vlookup(cell,range,1)=cell,vlookup(cell,range,Column # to be returned),” “). This returns an exact match if found and a blank cell if not.

But I have run into a problem, my formula is not returning anything on some newly added items in the lookup range. The item are still in sorted order and still in the lookup range. The format of the information is a match. Have you come across this?

Carlo Estopia says

Hi Lynn,

Please try to send your file through HELP DESK so we can have a good look at your problem.

Anyways, my diagnosis is that you did not have absolute references to your table_array part

of your VLOOKUP.

For example

You can do this by highlighting the ranges -only i.e. C5:D9- and press F4; or

You can simply put Dollar($) sign manually.

Cheers.

CarloE

6tel says

Hi Mynda. The best for you in 2013… As usual, finding the best answers here… Excellent job, really.

Mynda, I’m having a trouble. Your explanation was great on the Vlookup formula syntaxis, but I was just wondering if the “col_index_num” requirement would look into rows instead of columns…. How would achieve that? I guess this function isn’t going to work for me, since I need to return a value that’s five rows under the respective “lookup_value” reference, and not to the side…

Is there an equivalent to this formula, but reading from the top of a table to its bottom?

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num ,range_lookup)

6tel says

Hi Mynda. I guess I found it and did it, using the HLOOKUP function that you also explained here in the blog (sorry):

=HLOOKUP(AOR35,AK4:BG9,6,FALSE)

Thank you very much for your lessons.

Mynda Treacy says

Hi 6tel,

Happy New Year to you too Glad you found the HLOOKUP solution.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

santhosh says

is very yousfull my life in my care

SREEDHARA says

NICE WAY OF PRESENTING THAT’S TO EXLPNATION IN ENGLISH I.E -

And to translate it into English it would read:

VLOOKUP(find this value, in that table, return the value in column x of the table, but only return a result if you can match the value exactly)

VERY SUPERB

TNK U

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Sreedhara

Reeta Khetrapal says

How to search multiple entries by using Vlookup

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Reeta,

Here is a tutorial on VLOOKUP multiple values.

If that’s not what you want there is a list of different VLOOKUP tutorials here, including multiple criteria, multiple columns and returning multiple values.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Viswanathan says

Excellent way of explaining. Easy to understand

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Viswanathan

Devikarani says

Great help for searchers like me. Thanks a ton..

Mynda Treacy says

You’re welcome, Devikarani

Martin Williamson says

I have a challenging excel vlookup problem I can’t solve and I can relate it to your example.

In my problem there is an additional column in the table of rates called “effective date”.

Insert a new column between Column G:H, and add title “Effective Date” Then give all those in your rates table an effective date of 01 Jan 08.

However, Dave gets a raise on 01 Mar 08 to 6% commission. (Well done Dave!)

Insert a new entry below Dave’s 01 Jan 08 entry and add:

01 Mar 08 Dave 6%

However, with your current formula, it does not find Dave’s new rate for sales after 01 Mar 08.

I have tried index match formula’s but also to no avail.

I really, really, hope you’re able to help as this has been bugging me for months.

Many thanks for your time. Regards, Martin

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Martin,

If you know you are looking for the date on 01 Mar 08 you could use SUMIFS:

or if you’re using Excel 2003 use SUMPRODUCT:

However, if you’re just looking for the last record for Dave (your data would need to be sorted in ascending order) then you can use:

or

Where column G contains your names, H your dates and I contains your commission rates.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Martin Williamson says

Thanks for the prompt reponse and the numerous solutions.

I’ll try those out and see if I can get them to fit my situation.

Again, many thanks, your prompt response has been much appreciated.

gshephard says

Finally found a clear explanation in plain english on how to use this function. Wish i had found this site 1 hour ago! Thanks!

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Garth.

mutalib says

i want to know about pivot table in Excel 2007

Philip Treacy says

Here’s a link to some tutorials on Pivot Tables http://www.myonlinetraininghub.com/pivot-table

Phil

Prakash says

Here we’re doing VLOOKUP in same worksheet,

can you give me VLOOKUP formula using different worksheet.

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Prakash,

When you build your VLOOKUP formula you can use your mouse to select the cells on another worksheet. Excel will automatically put in the cell references for you.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Trudi says

Great tutorials – thankyou for sharing your knowledge. Greatly helped me in my work.

Mynda Treacy says

You’re welcome, Trudi

Steven Pofcher (@spofcher) says

Nice. I especially like the extending of the VLOOKUP to do calculating.

Mynda Treacy says

Cheers, Steven

Ana da Silva says

Finally. I have found someone that can translate “computer lingo” into English.

I have been lost in the land of technology, and then……. I have found my little slice of heaven. This website.

From one bean counter to another. THANK YOU.

Mynda Treacy says

Wow, thanks Ana. I’m glad you can relate to my English translations!

Lynn Ashworth says

This is excellent. I have been trying to teach myself vlookup today using the Help option and it didn’t help! What a difference it makes to actually see the data and have it so clearly explained. You have de-mystified vlookup for me and I’m now looking forward to getting to work tomorrow to try it out on my spreadsheet! Thank you very much.

Mynda Treacy says

Glad I could help, Lynn.

AV says

Awesome breakdown of the VLOOKUP formula. This saved my day at work. I came here because it seemed intimidating but after seeing the tutorial, I now scoff at its fear-factor, lol. You also have a hot voice. Extra brownie points for you! : )

Mynda Treacy says

Hi AV,

I’m glad I took the ‘scary’ out of Excel for you

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Sadaqat Hussain says

it is powerful and wonderful but I d’nt now how to utilize it

Chris K says

Mynda,

Is there any way to have a vlookup formula present where if the fields are left blank you can have a return of 0 instead of N/A? I tried including a blank line item in my chart with a 0 value but it still comes back as N/A and is killing my totals.

I can show you my work so far but it is getting messy!

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Chris,

You can use IFERROR with your VLOOKUP to return any value you’d like if the result is not found in the table.

Click the link above to see an example.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Manjinder Mavi says

Hi Mynda,

Your “plain english” style of explaining things motivated me to learn more.

Related to Chris K’s query above, VLOOKUP puts a value 0 if the corresponding value cell (column index cell) is empty. It messes up my other calculations. Is there any way to get VLOOKUP with help of other function to return a particular value (say “Empty”) if the cell is empty.

I understand we can use IFERROR with VLOOKUP the lookup value can’t be found. But I am interested when the lookup value is found but the corresponding column index cell for that lookup value is empty.

Thanks.

Best regards,

Manny

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Manny,

You can wrap the VLOOKUP formula in an IF function like this:

=IF(VLOOKUP(A1,B1:C10,2,FALSE)=0,”Empty”,VLOOKUP(A1,B1:C10,2,FALSE))

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Imran says

Dear Mynda,

I like your videos , especially your style of narrating complex problems in a simple and effective manner.

Keep up the good work and Allah bless you.

Regards

Imran

Mynda Treacy says

Thank you for your kind words, Imran.

Cheryl Blalock says

I’m currently using vlookup in my work. Now I have an problem to solve. I have two reports that I need to work with. One FY12 customer sales with part numbers. The other FY13July customer sales with part numbers. I want to put the FY13July sales number in a column on the FY12 File and add to each month end so we have a running total. The problem is the look up value is not unique. Many customer buy the same part #. Is there a way to use 2 cells as the look up value? (acct # & part #) Thanks for your help.

Mynda Treacy says

Hi Cheryl,

You need to make a column of values by joining the acc# and Part# together using CONCATENATE. Perhaps do this in your FY13 data. Then use this technique to look up the FY12 data: VLOOKUP looking up multiple values.

I hope that helps.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

kashee says

Great job !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Vaidehi Raval says

Excellent! cheers :).

Mynda Treacy says

Thank you!

Andi says

Thanks so much! Starting a new job and had to refresh my vlookup skills! Great website. I’ll be back.

Mynda Treacy says

Cheers, Andi All the best in your new job.

Janette Goodson says

I find these exercises very informative and fun to do.

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Janette. Glad you like them

Ramamoorthi says

The article was simple and easy to understand. It cleared the doubts I had about VLOOKUp function. I want more such articles to improve my working with Excel. Thanks a lot

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks Ramamoorthi! You can find an index of Excel tutorials here.

Kind regards,

Mynda.

Janell says

Thank you

guru says

cool…

anish kumar says

Brilliant web site, Carry on the wonderful work

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks, Anish

shipra says

It is definitely very helpful !!

KARTHIK says

GOOD

Philip says

Thanks heaps

SrSr says

Good One…!!!

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks SrSr! Glad you liked it.

ola says

Awesome

Mynda Treacy says

Thanks Ola.

Jamie Iomo says

how are you?

Looking forward to your next post

Joe says

Wow, thanks for the great info I will definately link you on my blog.

JasonybRider says

Awesome blog thank you! You should checkout my site

AnarhieS says

VLOOKUPS are very powerful and under used in my opinion. I guess alot of people don’t knwo how to use them

Liz says

damn apostrophes have caught me out too with text

Shaun says

Brilliant web site, Carry on the wonderful work!

Mynda says

@RHC – nope, passionate as ever!

@Liz – great. Glad we can help.

Liz says

yeah my dad will like this

RHC says

Awesome post tim, it’s been a while since I’ve been on here. I see that nobody has lost their passion. Good to be back.