Excel COUNTIF and COUNTIFS Formulas Explained

COUNTIF Formula Explained

Video extract as seen on YouTube, plus extended tutorial below.

Click the Full Screen button on the player to watch it in HD.

In this tutorial we’re looking at the COUNTIF and COUNTIFS Formulas, and we’ll take a look at a couple of different applications for them. 

Plus download a practice workbook. Note: this is an Excel .xlsx workbook. Please ensure your browser doesn’t change the file extension on download.

The COUNTIF/S functions work ALMOST in the same way as the SUMIF/S functions only they’re slightly simpler.  So if you haven’t mastered SUMIF/S yet be sure to check out our SUMIF/S tutorial too.

COUNTIF extends the capabilities of the basic COUNT function by allowing you to tell Excel to only COUNT items that meet a certain criteria.  New in Excel 2007 is the COUNTIFS function, which allows you to stipulate multiple criteria, hence the plural.

Enough explanation, let’s dive into an example as it’s easier to visualise.

COUNTIF Function

The function wizard in Excel describes COUNTIF as:


Looks fairly simple and it is.  Let’s translate it into English now by applying it to an example. Say we wanted to count the number of times Dave appeared in column C of the table below.

COUNTIF Formula Explained

Translated our formula would read like this:

=COUNTIF(count the number of cells in column C, that contain 'Dave')

We could even create a table under the data to count the occurrences of each builder:

COUNTIF Formula explained

Our formula in cell C12 would be:


While the above formula is good, if we were to copy it to the rest of the summary table (cells C11 to C14) we would have to manually change the cell references and builder’s name to get the correct answers.

To avoid this manual intervention, we can use absolute references, which will speed up the process of copying the formula to the remainder of column C. 

With absolute references our formula would look like this:


The ‘$’ signs tell Excel that we don’t want the reference after the ‘$’ sign to change when we copy the formula.  For example, if we copied the formula into cell C13 it would read:


In the above formula we can see that the only reference that changed was $B12, which became $B13.

The best way to understand how this works is to try it for yourself. Download the workbook used in this example here.
Note: this is an Excel .xlsx workbook. Please ensure your browser doesn’t change the file extension on download.

Note: I used a basic example to illustrate how to use COUNTIF, but you could also achieve this count by builder using the subtotal tool in the Data tab. 


The function wizard in Excel describes COUNTIFS as:

=COUNTIFS(critera_range_1,criteria_1,criteria_range_2,criteria_2.....and so on if required)

Extending the previous COUNTIF example above, say we wanted to only summarise the data by builder for jobs in the South region.  We could use the COUNTIFS function, as it allows us to set more than one condition.

Here’s how the formula would be interpreted if we wanted to count the occurrences of Brian in column C, where jobs were in the South region:

=COUNTIFS(count the number of cells in column C if, they contain ‘Brian’ and, if in column B, they are also for the South region)

Note: Excel will only include the cells in column C in the count when both conditions (Brian & South) are met.

Using absolute references, our COUNTIFS formula in Excel cell C20 would read:

COUNTIFS Formula Explained

Try other operators

Just like the IF Statement and SUMIF formula, the COUNTIF and COUNTIFS are based on logic.  This means you can employ different tests other than the text matching (Brian & South) we’ve used above.

Other operators you could use are:

  • =             Equal to
  • <             Less Than
  • >             Greater Than
  • <=          Less than or equal to
  • >=          Greater than or equal to
  • <>          Less than or greater than

For example, if you wanted to count the jobs with an average > $300k the formula would be:


Note: again I’ve used a simple example to illustrate this, but another way to achieve this summary table for each builder by region is to use a Pivot Table.

Want to Learn More Excel Formulas

Why not visit our list of Excel formulas. You’ll find a huge range all explained in plain English, plus PivotTables and other Excel tools and tricks. Enjoy :)

Spread the Word

If you found this useful please share it with your friends and colleagues on Google+1, LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter.

FREE PDF Download
100 Excel Tips & Tricks

Excel Tips & Tricks E-Book
Just enter your details below
* indicates required

We respect your email privacy

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Current ye@r *


  1. Kate Alderley says

    I’ve used the steps above to try and set up a simple overview sheet but I get an error:

    A value used in the formula is of the wrong data type

    The formula is:

    =COUNTIFS(Sept!D3:D500,”1st”, Sept!I3:L500,”Offer Accepted”)

    The data in the cells I’m looking at are all formatted as ‘general’

    • Catalin Bombea says

      Hi Kate,
      The COUNTIFS function expects that each additional range must have the same number of rows and columns as the criteria_range1 argument (The ranges do not have to be adjacent to each other). The problem is that in your formula, criteria_range1 has 1 column D3:D500, but the second criteria_range2 has 4 columns: I3:L500. You have to add new criterias for each column: =COUNTIFS(Sept!D3:D500,”1st”, Sept!I3:I500,”Offer Accepted”, Sept!J3:J500,”Offer Accepted”, Sept!K3:K500,”Offer Accepted”, Sept!L3:L500,”Offer Accepted”)
      Note that only if each cell in I:L columns contains the criteria: ”Offer Accepted” will be counted. For example, if D3 contains “1st”, the row will be counted only if I3, J3, K3 and L3 contains ”Offer Accepted”.
      If you want a count if D3 contains “1st” and at least one of the I3, J3, K3, L3 cells has the second criteria, you need another approach, the countifs formula will not work.

  2. Beric Boxall says

    I am trying to add exceptions to my formula =COUNTIF(G9:G45,”Yes”)/COUNTIF(G9:G45,””) but as the first exception is to ignore blank cells the second needs to be COUNTIF(G9:G45,”N/a”)

    This formula does not allow me to include the second exception.

    • Beric Boxall says

      That should be =COUNTIF(G9:G45,”Yes”)/COUNTIF(G9:G45,””) and the next statement to add is COUNTIF(G9:G45,”N/a”)

      • Mynda Treacy says

        Hi Beric,

        I’m not following you, sorry. Is COUNTIFS what you’re after? If not please send us an example file via the help desk so we can see your question in context and an example of the desired result.



        • Beric Boxall says

          Unsure why it would not allow me to add the full formula, I was trying to include the for exceptions however I have now resolved this simply by taking the blanks away and no longer needing to account for them. Sometimes the obvious answer is just too obvious.

          • Mynda Treacy says

            Hi Beric,

            It’s probably the HTML formatting interpreting the formula characters as HTML.

            Glad you figured it out. Next time try wrapping your formula in Pre tags e.g. <pre>=IF(etc….)</pre>


  3. Deronda says

    My problem is simple but I cant seem to get it right.
    I have a column of Names and a column with Y or N
    i’m simply trying to create a formula that gives me the % of Y for that particular name

    =(COUNTIFs(C2:C16,”L.Woods”, (X2:X16,”Y”)

    I’m getting an error ..what am I doing wrong?

    Beginner Excel user

    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Deronda,

      You need 2 COUNTIF formulas; the first counts the Y’s for that name and the second counts all the Y’s. You then divide one by the other to get the % of Y’s for that name:


      Your formula references a range X2:X16. I’m not sure what is in this column or why it’s in your formula. If my formula above doesn’t work then please send us a sample file via the Help Desk so we can see your question in context.



  4. Sanjiv Patel says

    I am counting for instances where status is either Approved OR Implemented, AND Date Received by CAFGB is less than or equal to end of the month of a date in header in row 48 (which is 1st of that month) AND Validation Start Date is either NULL OR in the following month. I am using curly braces for OR condition – along with SUM.

    Following works, but it is too long:

    =SUM(COUNTIFS(Data[[#Data],[CAFGB Status]:[CAFGB Status]],{“Approved”,”Implemented”}, Data[[#Data],[Date Received by CAFGB]:[Date Received by CAFGB]],”<=" & EOMONTH(AG$48,0), Data[[#Data],[Validation Start Date]:[Validation Start Date]], "")) + SUM(COUNTIFS(Data[[#Data],[CAFGB Status]:[CAFGB Status]],{"Approved","Implemented"}, Data[[#Data],[Date Received by CAFGB]:[Date Received by CAFGB]],"” & EOMONTH(AG$48,0)))

    I was thinking that it should work with following shortened expression, but it doesn’t:
    =SUM(COUNTIFS(Data[[#Data],[CAFGB Status]:[CAFGB Status]],{“Approved”,”Implemented”}, Data[[#Data],[Date Received by CAFGB]:[Date Received by CAFGB]],”” & EOMONTH(AG$48,0)}))

    What am I doing wrong in the shorter version? What can I do to make it work?

    • Catalin Bombea says

      Can you please upload a sample workbook with your data structure used in this formula? It will be a lot easier to understand the situation and test the solution.
      Until then, you can try a general solution:
      =SUMPRODUCT(($A$1:$A$10={"Approved","Any"})*($B$1:$B$10< =EOMONTH(TODAY(),0))*C1:C10)
      Use our Help Desk system.

  5. Rachana says

    Hi Mynda,

    I using a formula =COUNTIFS(’6-26-52 Weeks’!G4:G52,”=Mike”,’6-26-52 Weeks’!J4:J52,”=April”,’6-26-52 Weeks’!Q4:Q52,”=Y”’6-26-52 Weeks’!R4:R52,”=True”)

    It doesnt count “Y” from Col Q of all “Mike” in col G with conditions that J should have “April” and Col R should be “True”. It doesnt even throw an error in excel either.

    please can you advise.


      • Rachana says

        Hi Catalin,

        I am using below formula to count all Ys of Mike in another sheet with conditions to check if Months column showing “April” and T/F column showing True. Please can you advise.

        =COUNTIFS(’6-26-52 Weeks’!G4:G52,”=Mike”,’6-26-52 Weeks’!J4:J52,”=April”,’6-26-52 Weeks’!Q4:Q52,”=Y”’6-26-52 Weeks’!R4:R52,”=True”)

        01/04/2014 31/03/2015
        Name Target date Completion date Target Met Months T/F
        Mike 01/01/2014 20/12/2014 Y January True
        Mike 01/02/2014 02/02/2014 N February False
        Jenny 01/03/2014 25/02/2014 Y March False
        Jenny 31/03/2014 01/04/2014 N March True


        • Catalin Bombea says

          Hi Rachana,
          The Months column is in fact a date value, formatted as “mmmm” to show only the month name. You cannot compare a value to a text string.
          to convert dates to months numbers.

  6. janine says

    I have a spreadsheet where Column B contains the numbers either 1, 2, or 3. I want to count the rows that contain a “1″ in Column B if there is a corresponding “x” in Column C or D or E and I only want to count it once (because it could contain an x in C and/or D and/or E). Can someone help me?

    • janine says

      Thanks for the help– but when I input the formula I get the error “a value used in the formula is of the wrong data type”


      • Mynda Treacy says

        Hi Janine,

        Perhaps your ‘numbers’ in column B are actually text. You can tell by trying to SUM them. If you get an error then they’re text. You’ll need to convert them to numbers.

        If that doesn’t work then I’ll need to see your workbook which you can send me via the Help Desk.

        Kind regards,


  7. Robert says


    I want to use countifs with a date range but subtract 7 days from the date range use to select my occurrencies.

    Thank you for your time :)

  8. Eric says

    I’m so glad you still check this for comments, I have a weird issue.

    I’m using =COUNTIFS($O$1:$O$130,”=1*”,$R$1:$R$130,”Yes”) and it’s being picky about the O1:O130 range.

    If the value in O includes a letter e.g. 1711A it will get counted, however if the value in O does not contain a letter e.g. 1711 it does not get counted! What am I missing?

    • Catalin Bombea says

      Hi Eric,
      1711A is interpreted by excel as a text string. 1711 is seen as a number, with numbers you have to deal in a different way.
      It will work on both text and numbers.

  9. Kyle says

    My cells contain one of the four things listed below
    1) random dates
    2) the letter N
    3) the letter I
    4) N/A
    I’m trying to write a formula that will give me a percentage of the cells that contain dates out of the total number of cells that I have selected. I would also like to exclude from the percentage listed above all cells containing N/A. How would l do that?

    • Catalin Bombea says

      Hi Kyle,
      Assuming that your range is in column A, starting from row 1, use this formula in cell B1:
      =CELL(“format”,A1) and copy it down as needed.
      The formula:


      will give you the percentage needed.

      • Kyle says

        The criteria listed above is all listed in the same column. So the individual cell in the column has one of the four criteria listed above. Here is a copy of one of the columns:

        Course title


  10. Nataly says

    Hello I’m doing the countif formulas correctly.
    I could swear to you but it’s telling me that the correct answer is 0.
    And I know it’s not, because there are certain products, there’s a few but it keeps telling me it’s 0.
    I have no clue why, but do you think you can help me with this? Please.

  11. Jo Case says

    Hi there

    I find your tutorials really helpful. However I’m stuck on a problem that I can’t seem to find a solution to. In the first example above consider you want to know the number of times Doug sold 8 units in the month of January. I have a similar table where I want to know how many decisions a staff member has made in a certain month. The month is found in the same date structure as in your table. As soon as I’m adding the MONTH function in, I’m struggling to find the solution. I’ve tried arrays, and the straight COUNTIFS. Any suggestions? Cheers, Jo

  12. BAM says


    I am working in a table with 9 columns and 50 rows. All cells in the table have COUNTIFS formulas based on the column identifier. I get accurate results from cells in all columns but the last 2 (8 and 9) and I’m not sure why. I feel that the formulas are designed correctly but only “0″ is returned in all cells in the last two columns.

    Is something wrong with the formula? Is there a limit on COUNTIFS forumlas that can be applied in a worksheet? Have you seen/heard of this before?

    Column 1= COUNTIFS(Input!$P$4:P30,”=”&$C$6,Input!$G$4:G30,”=”&B9)

    Column 4=COUNTIFS(Input!$P$4:P30,”=”&$F$6,Input!$G$4:G30,”=”&B9,Input!$AC$4:AC30,”=”&”Major Issue”)

    Column 6= COUNTIFS(Input!$G$4:G30,”=”&B9,Input!$AC$4:AC30,”=Not Applicable-Issue has insignificant impact”)

    Column 8= COUNTIFS(Input!$G$4:G30,”=”&B9,Input!$AC$4:AC30,”=Not Applicable — Issue has no impact”)

    Column 9 = =COUNTIFS(Input!$G$4:G30,”=”&B9,Input!$AC$4:AC30,”Ÿ=Not Applicable — Other”)

    • says

      Hello again Tina,

      Looking at your formulas I would expect Columns 6, 8 and 9 to return zero. The last criteria in each formula is stated with an = inside the double quotes. Now it’s possible this is correct but I suspect not and this is why:

      Your formula in column 6 says count the values in G4:G30 that = what ever is in cell B9 AND where the values in AC4:AC30 contain the text =Not Applicable-Issue has insignificant impact

      i.e. the equals sign is in front of the text Not Applicable-Issue has insignificant impact like this:

      =Not Applicable-Issue has insignificant impact

      I suspect the formula should be more like this:

      =COUNTIFS(Input!$G$4:G30,"="&B9,Input!$AC$4:AC30,"Not Applicable-Issue has insignificant impact")

      If that’s not the problem, send me the workbook via the help desk and I’ll take a look.

      Kind regards,


  13. Tina says


    I have a table with 9 columns and 50 rows. All cells have countifs formulas that accurately represent the reference data with the exception of the last 2 columnns. The last 2 columns are not pulling in any data even though the countifs formulas are sturectured exactly the same.

    Is there a column limit per worksheet? Am I doing something wrong?

  14. says

    is it possible to use a function for count all the cells in a column except the cells those are “empty and have a dates”


    • MikeBanawa says

      Hello Haitham,

      Yes it is possible. You can use a combination of count formulas for your conditions.

      But first of all, does your data contain only letters or does it have numbers as well?

      I’ll assume your data contains only: Empty cells, Dates and Words/letters/Alphanumeric

      Let’s say that all of your data are in Column A1 to A10:

      =COUNTA(A1:A10) will count the number of cells in a range that is not empty
      =COUNT(A1:A10) will count the number of cells in a range that contains numbers.

      Since dates are numbers and COUNTA will not count empty cells you can combine both formulas by using a simple subtraction:


      This formula will return the number of cells that only contains letters.

      you can also experiment on the formula =COUNTBLANK which literally counts blank cells in a range.

      If you want a bit more detailed explanation on the mentioned formulas, we have a blog post about Excel COUNT, COUNTA and COUNTBLANK Functions. Just follow this link: http://www.myonlinetraininghub.com/excel-count-counta-and-countblank-functions

      Hope this Helps. Thanks!

  15. Jenny says

    Very helpful page – Thank you! However, I do have a question…

    In cell [B12] I have the formula: =COUNTIF(B2:B8, A10)
    so count, if cells within the range B2-B8 (then C2-C8 etc) contain the value in A10, (then A11, then A12).

    I want to copy this formula across and down, so:
    [B13]=COUNTIF(B2:B8, A13) then [C13]=COUNTIF(C2:C8, A13) etc…
    [B14]=COUNTIF(B2:B8, A14) then [C14]=COUNTIF(C2:C8, A14) etc…
    [B15]=COUNTIF(B2:B8, A15) then [C15]=COUNTIF(C2:C8, A15) etc…

    However, when I copy across, the vertical range is correct but the reference cell also increments by one column:
    [C13]=COUNTIF(C2:C8, B13) then [C13]=COUNTIF(D2:D8, C13) etc

    How do I rectify this? It will be so long winded to type these in manually as I have a few to reference.

    • Jenny says

      OMG Sorry – I think I misunderstood the $ thing – I tried it and it works. Fiddly but I am not sure Excel will copy correctly in both directions. I may just have to use =COUNTIF(B2:B8,$A$10) and =COUNTIF(B2:B8,$A$11) etc for all rows before copying across… Sorry to have bothered you!

  16. Surender says

    if there is multiples states and in adjacent is cities name how can i count in excel that one state have how many cities

  17. Cary says

    Hello Mynda,

    Is it possible to use COUNTIFS in this fashion:


    I am getting a #value! error and believe that it must be because of the n1:y20 range. Am I only able to compare single columns?

    Thank you in advance for your time,

  18. Gaurav Sahai Saxena says

    Can you help me in understanding following formula

    =COUNTIFS(‘Tickets Tracking 2013′!$G$7:$G$71, 3, ‘Tickets Tracking 2013′!$H$7:$H$71, 2013) + COUNTIFS(‘Tickets Tracking’!$G$7:$G$73, 3, ‘Tickets Tracking’!$H$7:$H$73, 2013)

    • Carlo Estopia says

      Hi Gaurav,

      First, it has a sheet called Tickets Tracking 2013
      Second, In this sheet, you are counting if
      Ranges G7 to G71 has or equal to 3
      Ranges H7 to H71 has or equal to 2013
      First Formula:COUNTIFS(‘Tickets Tracking 2013′!$G$7:$G$71, 3, ‘Tickets Tracking 2013′!$H$7:$H$71, 2013)
      Third, You are adding –see the plus (+) sign — the result in the second step (first formula) to the fourth step(second formula):
      Fourth, You are counting if
      Ranges G7 to G73 has or equal to 3
      Ranges H7 to H73 has or equal to 2013
      Second Formula: COUNTIFS(‘Tickets Tracking’!$G$7:$G$73, 3, ‘Tickets Tracking’!$H$7:$H$73, 2013)



  19. Pam says

    Hi Mynda,

    You make everything sound so easy!!! So I have a spreadsheet that has dates from 7/1/12 – 2/28/13 and I am trying to count how many entries were made for each month but there were several entries that were made on each day, e.g. 5 on 7/2/12, 9 on 7/19/12, etc. but when I use the COUNTIFS formula of COUNTIFS(B2:B1400, “>=7/1/2012″,B2:B1400,”<=7/31/12") it seems to only be counting the dates once. How can I get it to count each entry instead of each date? THANK YOU in advance.

    • Carlo Estopia says

      Hi Pam,

      Try to check your cell format. It might not be dates.
      You may send it also through HELP DESK so we can have a good look at it.



  20. says

    Someone support me please,

    Can I use CountIFs formula with three column, one of these column has two criteria first criteria “On Air” and the second “RFT”

    it will appreciated if you know the answer


    • Carlo Estopia says

      Hi Haitham,


      =COUNTIFS(A1:A10,"On Air",B1:B10,"RFT")

      result: 8
      rows 2 and 3 do not qualify.

      Please use the data below:

           A           B 
      1  On Air	RFT
      2  Ground	RFT
      3  On Air	QRS
      4  On Air	RFT
      5  On Air	RFT
      6  On Air	RFT
      7  On Air	RFT
      8  On Air	RFT
      9  On Air	RFT
      10 On Air	RFT



      • says

        Many thanks CarloE
        What about the below issue, i used countifs but not work with two text creteia in the same column:

        North Done On Air
        South Waiting On Air
        South Done CW
        North Done RFT
        North Waiting On Air
        South Waiting RFT
        North Done On Air
        South Done RFT
        North Done CW
        South Done RFT

        =COUNTIFS(A1:A10,”North”,B1:B10,”Done”,C1:C10,”On Air”&”RFT”)


          • says

            Hi Mynda,
            i hope u well

            kindly I used above formal which was very usful for me but when i replace the “=” by “” then it isnt work properly

            can you help please in case i need to use except “” as below formla but it gave me result 12 while it must be 7 :



  21. Ross says

    Hi Mynda,

    Really appreciate your clear instructions on the use of the excel formulas – thanks!
    However, when I apply the COUNTIFS formula to the following data I just receive a “0″ all the time. Here’s the example data and the formula I’ve written (I’m trying to determine how many entries for each Location there are for each Process):

    Column B – Process (multiple entries of each of the following)

    Column E – Location (multiple entries of each of the following)

    Formula:- =COUNTIFS(E2:E1300,T1,B2:B1300,Service)
    As I mentioned, the formula continues to just provide “0″.

    Appreciate any help you can provide.

    Many thanks,

    • Carlo Estopia says

      Hi Ross,


      Your formula’s criteria don’t have the double quotes(“) and equal(=) signs:


      It also looks as if you’re trying to provide two criteria for counting; that is,
      you likely want to satisfy that Location must be T1 and Process is Service.
      And looking at your Example, none would satisfy that. That is, If I understood it
      correctly that you’re trying to use this mock data of yours and there no entries after E3 and B4, respectively.
      I could see though that your formula reaches 1300.

      Please do clarify what are the criteria that you’re really trying to have here.
      Send your file to Help Desk for a complete picture of your scenario. Thus we can
      have a better look at it.



  22. Subash says

    Dear Mynda,

    First of all thank you for such a wonderful site which helps us so very tremendously.

    I have a workbook with several worksheets in it. In the worksheets in different columns I have a reference number. The reference number should not be more than 2 times. Say, once debit and once credit. It is never repeated on the same sheet. I want to use COUNTIFS formula but it always gives me 0, but if I use it only on one sheet it gives me 1, which is correct.

    For example in sheet “SUBASH” column “J:J” has the reference numbers and in sheet “MYNDA” column “J:J” has the reference numbers. In Sheet “MYNDA” in cell k2 if I put this formula COUNTIFS(J:J,J2) I get 1 which is correct, as the reference in J2 appears only once in this sheet in the column J:J. When I change the formula to COUNTIFS(J:J,J2,’SUBASH’!J:J,J2) I get the answer 0, where as it should be 2 as the value in J2 in MYNDA also appears in the column J:J in the sheet SUBASH (not necessarily in J2 in sheet SUBASH).

    If I get the correct answer, I should be able to drag the formula down so that I get the same result from J3, J4 and so on.

    Above I have mentioned only two sheets, but in my workbook I have many more.

    Kindly advise how should I go about getting the correct result.

    Thanks and best regards,

    • Subash says

      Dear Mynda,

      I worked my way out by using the SUMPRODUCT((J:J=J2)+(’SUBASH’!J:J=’MYNDA’!J2)) this formula gives me the correct answer 2. But since I have many sheets, have to write the formula for 20 times in each sheet, would appreciate if there is a shorter formula to capture the data from all the sheets.

      Thanks and best regards,

      • Carlo Estopia says

        Hi Subash,

        I would suggest that you send your file through Help Desk so I could fully understand what’s going on.

        It’s good that you have worked around the problem; however, I need to see the data and the formula and the logic of it so I can help you with it.


        Carlo Estopia

    • Carlo Estopia says

      Hi Subash,

      I have replied with your recent message.

      Anyway, please consolidate all your concerns and send me your file through Help Desk with the mock data and the results or formulas you want to achieve.



  23. Jhosel says

    I’m find it hard to combined countifs with left formula. Below is my scenario:

    Total Age (column A)

    Queue (Column B)

    Column I need to count all 30 above from column A that is starting with 1S because I need to count all Aged items from 2S separately.

    i tried the formula below but it’s not working:


    Hope you can help me with this. :)

    • Carlo Estopia says

      Hi Jhosel,

      Your formula is good except for the LEFT FUNCTION part. I hope you’ll agree if we would avoid that complication and instead use a wildcard search.
      here it is:


      result : 1


      result : 3

      For more on COUNTIFS



      • Jhosel says

        Thanks much with this Carlo! i never knew it could be this simple. ;p This will help me a lot with all the reports that I’m doing. thanks again and keep it up! :)

        • Carlo Estopia says

          Hi Jhosel,

          In behalf of Mynda and Philip, I say you’re welcome.

          It’s our pleasure to make our visitors satisfied as much as possible.



  24. Kay says

    Hi Mynda,
    I hope you can help me, I’ve spent hours on this already!!! I need to count the total number of job titles contained in a spreadsheet that do not equal Manufacturing, Agency Manufacturing or Agency Indirect.

    Any advice you can give me will be very gratefully received.

    Best regards, Kay

    • says

      Hi Kay,

      Assuming your job titles are in cells A1:A5 you can use this formula:

      =SUMPRODUCT((A1:A5"Manufacturing")*(A1:A5"Agency Manufacturing")*(A1:A5"Agency Indirect"))

      Kind regards,


  25. ABRAHAM says

    A1 B1
    ABB 15451
    EBB 15454
    ABB 159685
    EBB 8754
    ACC 8759654
    ABB 54875

    I need to have the total of abb ie 230011 in one cell.

    please advise the formula

  26. ABRAHAM says

    hi thanks for the formulas. i need one more formula: if a certain colum contains different names and the colum next with numbers and i want the total sum of those numbers according to the names then what is the formula? please advise

  27. Karen says

    Tried a COUNTIFS formula and it is not returning a number just a value error.


    Will the formula work if some of the cells in column AC are blank?

  28. Trish says

    Hi, wow…thank you for your time here on your website. You explain things perfectly! I recently decided I wanted to learn what excel is all about instead of feaing it and saying “no I don’t like excel”. I am trying to learn how to track expiring certificates at work. Exp: DL from John Doe expires 10/25/2016; next cell would read how many days left until expiration. I also saw how it could be have a color with it. It could turn yellow within 30 days of expiration and red once the day has come and passed.
    Again thank you for your time, I hope you can point me in the right direction :)!

    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Elijah,

      If your data goes into another column then it won’t be in the range of the first column and therefore won’t be counted. I must be missing something? Perhaps you can send me an example.

      Kind regards,


      • RKM says

        Hi Mynda ,
        I just want display the count of two strings belonging to same column
        For Ex: Two strings are “Blue” and “Green” I want formula for excel 2007 which counts sum of recurrence of these two strings
        Please help me out.
        King Regards,

          • RKM says

            Dear Mynda,
            As I am not able to raise ticket, I will explain you my problem here only,
            See, my data is arranged in following way:
            Cell Location Strings
            A1 Ram
            A2 John
            A3 John
            A4 Ram
            A5 Jack
            A6 Ram

            I just want formula which give me total count of Ram and John.
            Means I want to know What is the sum of John and Ram.
            Here we can simply count it as Ram+John=5
            I require formula which display count=5

          • saeed says

            plz can you help me .
            i want a formula to write text or number in column A ( example ) and a number in column B then it will paste the text in next column ( 2 or 4 ) according to number i write .
            for example :
            in column A ( welcome ) and in column B ( 3) so i want ( welcome ) to appear in column C,D & E ( ONCE ONLY) .
            AND IF I write 4 then in C,D,E & F .

          • says

            Hi Saeed,

            That’s a good question. Here’s a formula you can use in cell C1 then copy across to D, E and F:

            =IF(B1="","",IF(COLUMNS($C$1:C1)< =$B$1,$A$1,""))

            Kind regards,


  29. Dee says

    goodmorning, thanks for the reponse. it is still not working.

    The formula needs to meet both criteria 1) wrong status AND 2) CPSUB OR B7SUB OR E9SUB.

    It is saying to try DCOUNTA when you click on the function .
    I really appreciate your help.
    Have agreat day,

  30. alaiksander says

    Hi, I have a question on countifs.
    My data will be to count information like age (between 7-15), and its city.
    =COUNTIF(A:A;”<=15")-COUNTIF(A:N7356;"<7") gives me the correct total of age between 7-15

    But when I entered


    excel 2007 gave me error. Will it be possible to count it this way? thanks.

    B = a cell contains city name

        • Dee says

          I have a formula problem.
          I need to count 2 columns, with 2 different criteria, on a different spreadsheet, and have the results end on my last page for graphing purposes.
          =COUNTIFS(‘RAZ00302′!R:R,”WRONG STATUS”)
          Thia is tracking one of the columns on the razo302 sheet but I also need to track column t. 3 items in column t need to be picked: CPSUB, B7SUB, AND E9SUB
          thank you!!!

          • Mynda Treacy says

            Hi Dee,

            Thanks for your kind words.


            =COUNTIFS(‘RAZ00302′!R:R,”WRONG STATUS”)+SUM(COUNTIF(‘RAZ00302′!T:T,{“CPSUB”,”B7SUB”,”E9SUB”}))

            The part in curly brackets {} is an array. Go here for more on Excel array formulas.

            I hope that helps.

            Kind regards,


    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Gunnar,

      The SUMPRODUCT formula is an array formula (although you don’t have to enter it using CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER), and when used with COUNTIF and INDIRECT as I have done above for Mitchel, it returns the COUNT of multiple sheets and multiple criteria.

      If you’re having difficulty counting across multiple sheets then an easier solution is to put a COUNTIFS formula on each sheet and then SUM those results. If you put your COUNTIFS formula in the same cell in each sheet then summing them is quick and easy.

      To SUM the same cell on multiple sheets:

      1. In the cell you want your summary type =SUM(
      2. Click on the first sheet tab and select the cell you want to sum.
      3. Hold down the SHIFT key and click on the last sheet.
      4. Press ENTER

      Excel will sum the same cell for every sheet between the first sheet you selected and the last.

      I hope that helps.

      Kind regards,


  31. Gunnar says

    Dear Mynda,
    I am trying to use your formula abouve for the countif on several sheets, but can’t get it to work, even if I copy it into an identical workbook.
    Can you explain a bit more in detail the indirect function part of the formula, and why you use the type of signs you do:
    “ ‘ ” & ” ‘ !B:B”

    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Gunnar,

      I suspect when you copied the formula from the website into Excel the double quotes ” are not formatted correctly. In the webpage above they are italicised for some reason. Try typing them into Excel again. They should then be a regular font and your formula should work.

      Alternatively you can download the workbook (see links in the post above) and use the example in the file.

      The INDIRECT function, as explained here creates a reference to a cell or range of cells. When referencing other sheets you need to format the reference with apostrophes.

      For example references to other worksheets must be formatted like this:

      =INDIRECT(” ‘your_sheet_name’!H34″)

      Text in double quotes is interpreted by Excel as text (as opposed to an operator or other criteria).

      The ampersand (&) joins that text together. So Excel reads ” ‘ ” & “!B:B” as (note spaces inside double quotes are for clarity. In Excel you would leave the spaces out):


      Effectively ignoring the double quotes and ampersand. You can read more about joining text together in my CONCATENATE tutorial.

      I hope that helps.

      Kind regards,


  32. Katie says


    I am trying to write a countifs that says if column b is in a certain date range, count it, which I have written, but I need a second criteria that says if column has one of five location names (city, state), then count it.

    Is it possible to write a countif with an “or” criteria imbedded?

    I have countifs(…..E:E,OR(‘Location’!B1,’Location’!D1,’Location’!E1,’Location’!G1,’Location’!H1))

    But that didn’t work. I have also tried writing out the location names instead of selecting them from a list, but that didn’t work either…

    Any ideas?

  33. Katie says

    I am trying to write a countifs formula to say if anything in this column is between these dates, count it. Here’s what I have so far =countifs(Q:Q, and(“=1/1/2012″), ….etc)

    I want it to say if the contents in column Q are between jan 1 and jan 31, 2012, then count it.

    Any advise? Thanks!

    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Katie,

      I find dates used in criteria a bit frustrating and so I tend to use the serial number version of the date in my formula rather than typing in the text version. e.g.


      Where 40909 is the serial number for 1 Jan 2012, and 40939 is the serial number for 31 Jan 2012.

      I hope that helps.

      Kind regards,


  34. Jeff says

    Hi Mynda,
    I am creating a dashboard report using Excel 2010. I am using Conditional formatting and a countcolor functions on the sheet – these all work perfectly. I am having issues with my countif(s)? and hope you can help.

    My range (I8:AM8) represents individual project milestones being “Complete” or “N/A”. I want my following countif to total the count of “Complete” and “N/A” milestones and divide that total by the total number of milestones.

    HOW do I add the “N/A” to this formula? I’ve looked on-line for an hour and asked several folks without luck.


    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Jeff,

      Thanks for your question.

      There are a few ways you could do this. Here are two:

      1. If you want to use COUNTIF then you’d need to add two COUNTIF functions together and then divide by 31

      So, your formula would look like this:


      2. Or you could use the SUMPRODUCT function like this:


      Click here for more on SUMPRODUCT.

      If your total number of milestones is variable (i.e. the number 31) you could use a COUNTA function in it’s place to count all cells in the range I8:AM8. So your formuls would look like this:




      I hope that helps.

      Kind regards,


  35. Ibraheem says

    Thank you very much Mynda for considering my question. I had got the correct results watching your other helpful hints on Youtube and hence did not check for your response and sorry for the same. But now I come across another problem because my boss wants to consider End Dates of employee as well. Suppose he joins 01 September 2011 and his End Date is 31 December 2015, what could be the changes that should be made in my formula. Please make the necessary changes in this one (=COUNTIFS(‘Master List’!$E$3:$E$3210,’Manpower Plan’!$C5,’Master List’!$K$3:$K$3210,’Manpower Plan’!$B5,’Master List’!$N$3:$N$3210,”<="&$TE$2,'Master List'!$O$3:$O$3210,TE$4,'Master List'!$AC$3:$AC$3210,$E$3).

    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Ibraheem,

      Remember, each criteria you add to a COUNITFS function is considered AND. e.g.

      =COUNTIFS(critera_range_1,criteria_1, AND criteria_range_2,criteria_2…..and so on if required)

      So, to modify your formula you just need to add another reference to your criteria range (the Master List) and the criteria of <=31 Dec 2015 like this:

      =COUNTIFS(‘Master List’!$E$3:$E$3210,’Manpower Plan’!$C5,’Master List’!$K$3:$K$3210,’Manpower Plan’!$B5,’Master List’!$N$3:$N$3210,”<="&$TE$2,'Master List'!$O$3:$O$3210,TE$4,'Master List'!$AC$3:$AC$3210,$E$3,’Master List’!$K$3:$K$3210,<=TE$5)

      Where TE$5 contains the date 31 Dec 2015.

      I hope this makes sense. If not you can send me your Excel workbook and I can send you a specific solution. Just complete a ticket on the help desk which you'll find a link to on the contact us page.

      Kind regards,


        • Mynda Treacy says

          Hi Ibrahim,

          You can set your range to more than one column. e.g:

          =COUNTIFS(A1:B10,"your criteria 1",C1:D10,"your critiera 2")

          I hope that helps. If not please send your workbook to me via the help desk so I can see an example of your data.

          Kind regards,


  36. Ibraheem says

    Hi Mynda,

    I have been watching your helpful tutorials in excel these days and have been using them satisfactorily to process our company’s 5 year Manpower Cost Plan.

    I have columns by Name September 2011, October 2011….

    I want to place under each month no. of employees who joined before that month.

    Can you help how COUNTIFS work in this?


    • Mynda Treacy says

      Hi Ibraheem,

      Thank you for your question. If I understand correctly you should be able to just use a COUNTA function (assuming your columns have employee names. but use COUNT if they’re listed as numbers). And assuming your month labels start in column A (jan), and you had already populated columns A-D (Jan-Apr), with D (Apr) being the current month, and you wanted to know the number of employees who joined from Jan – Mar your formula would be:


      Note: this will sum the whole of columns A & C. If you’ve got cells in these columns that you don’t want to sum then you’ll need to put the exact range in e.g. COUNTA($A$2:$C$500)

      I hope this helps you out.

      Kind regards,


      • Riyaz Iqbal says

        Hi Mynda,

        I tried this for example for practice and encountered 2 problems.

        1. COUNTA($A:$C) counts my headers (names of months too). Is there some way I can count entries in the whole columns except headers?

        2. What if I want to maintain a running count of employees? I tried OFFSET function but wasn’t able to get it right. I added a “Employee count” column to the right.

        COUNTA(A: column to the left of Employee count) is what I tried. For “Column to the left of Employee count” I tried OFFSET(D:D,0,-1,height,1) I am facing problems with height here. I don’t know how many employee entries will be there in future.

        How can I solve this height issue when I know that the column I am interested in is of dynamic height?


  37. Kaushal Verma says

    I have prepared My excel in this manner :
    Column A Column B Column C Column D ……….
    ORDER # OPERATOR QC Int. Error External Error
    22120205 Nancy Chikie – -
    22120207 Alex Kaushal 1 -
    And so on……..

    I have kept this list under one sheet named as order logged
    Now I have prepared another sheet to find their daily productivity
    Column A Column B Column C Column D
    S.No Name 1 June 2 June ……….
    1 Nancy 25 20
    2 Alex 16 30

    I have made a use of this formula to calculate =COUNTIF($’ORDERS LOGGED’.$B$2:$B$1000;B2)
    So i would get the count of file Alex has prepared with a help of this formula which calculate data from order logged sheet.

    ????? But Now there are few order where in there are sub files in it say 22120207 ……is a one order but it consist of 7 other files ( with certain changes in same type) in it and Alex work on these too under the same order but his count of order is consider as one only….

    when he worked on 8 files in total under one order.Which proves the report is incorrect.

    So what can be done??????????

    I tried this…….
    Column A Column B Column C Column D ……….
    ORDER # OPERATOR QC Int. Error External Error
    22120207 Alex Kaushal 1 -
    Alex like this kept on added his name but this is tedious….which helps to get correct count but I want to know some short way….as there is situation when in one order there are 100 files as well….Hope this will make more sense to the kind of difficulty I have.

    I would really appreciate & would be glad to receive your help.

    Kaushal Verma.

    • Mynda says

      Hi Kaushal,

      Please send me the file so I can see your data.

      To do this go to the Contact Us page and log a ticket. You can upload your file here.



  38. Kaushal Verma says

    Hi Mynda,

    I want to know about this \ suppose there are 7 members..A/B/C/D…..
    20 files are shared between them. Now I able to know how many file are prepared by C lets say 5 but if in these 5 files, there were 2 files with Copy Change, so in total he worked on 7 files. Will then this Count-if formula will work or what would the alternative?
    A 4
    B 6
    c 5 two were having sub file (copy change file).

    =COUNTIF($C$2:$C$7,$B12) this help me to know that c appears 5 times but does not give me correct productivity of him ?

    Please help.

    Kaushal Verma.

    • Mynda says

      Hi Kaushal,

      Thanks for your question. I’m not clear as to whether you want Excel to track this data (whether C prepared, or copy/changed a file) or are you keeping track and entering the data and then just needing to count it?

      I’ll assume the latter:

      Firstly in order for Excel to count the data, you need to record it in a format it can read. If you want to use the COUNTIF then you would need to lay your data our something like this:

      Column A  Column B   Column C
      Name        File Name     Action (prepare, copy, change)
      C             xyz.xlsx     prepare
      A             abc.xlsx     prepare
      C             abc.xlsx     change

      You could then use a COUNTIFS function:


      This would count every instance of “C” in the range A1:A3.

      If this isn’t what you meant please go to ‘contact us’ and log a ticket on the help desk with your file so I can see exatly what you mean.

      Kind regards,


  39. Mynda says

    Hi Glen,

    I’m not 100% clear on how your data is laid out but I’ll give it a shot:

    Can you not use a COUNTIF like this?:

    in an empty cell in your workbook =COUNTIF(H$3:H$13,”Jan”)
    and in another cell in your workbook =COUNTIF(H$3:H$13,”Feb”)

    If that doesn’t ‘stop it hurting’ please log a ticket on the help desk and upload your file or an example of your data so I can see exactly what you’re trying to do.

    Kind regards,


    • says

      i have a similar challenge; COUNTIF(J5:J106,”Left”)
      but unfortunately it does not count all the texts in that range it counts only 1/3 of the total what might be the problem?


      • says

        Hi Lamech,

        I’m not sure but unless the the text in column J only says ‘left’ then it should count them all.

        If there is other text with the word ‘left’ then you can append wild cards to pick up anything with ‘left’ in the cell like this:


        More on Excel wildcards here.

        Kind regards,


  40. Glen says

    I amy trying to simulate count distinct using a formula I found this morning on google: =SUMPRODUCT((H$3:H$13\)/COUNTIF(H$3:H$13,H$3:H$13&\))

    I need to vary this such that I get distinct counts by month. Column A has the month as Jan, Feb…
    =SUMPRODUCT((H$3:H$13\)/COUNTIFs(H$3:H$13,H$3:H$13&\,G$3:G$13,=&A3)) does not exactly give me what I need. Column H is a series of names. I want a count of distinct names in Jan, another count in Feb….

    Any thoughts?

    Please make it stop hurting…. I’ve been at it for 5 hours now, trying various combinations of functions in varying orders with no joy…


  41. mitchell piedad says

    I am using the formula countifs as used in the second example, my trouble is when I am trying to get a total covering more than one sheet. Each sheet layout is the same but receive #value error on previous attempts. I am expecting to get the total over 30 sheets.

    • Mynda says

      Hi Mitchell,

      You need to use SUMPRODUCT to do a 3d COUNTIFS across multiple worksheets. Using the example in my COUNTIFS tutorial above:


      Where G1:G4 contains a list of your sheet names. You will need to put these sheet names somewhere in the worksheet you want your COUNT, and then amend the range in the formula above to suit.

      You can also replace “Central” and “Doug” with cell references but remember to drop the “” and just enter the cell reference by itself.

      Note: the reference to the column B:B and C:C assumes you want to count the whole column. If not just enter the exact range e.g. B2:B7 and C2:C7.

      Alternatively, insert a separate COUNTIFS formula on each sheet, and then SUM the result on each sheet. e.g. =SUM(‘sheet 1:sheet 30′!D2) where D2 is the cell that contains the COUNTIFS formula on each sheet.

      I hope one of these helps. Let me know how you go.



  42. Mynda says

    The following question was sent in to me by Helen, but I thought I’d post my reply here for all to see:

    Q. I want to count how many cells contain values between two numbers eg -0.5 and -0.25, How can I do this in excel? I use the countif function for specific values but I don’t know how to count between specific values.

    A. In Excel 2007 You can use the COUNTIFS formula as follows:

    =COUNTIFS(A2:A14,”>-0.5″,A2:A14,”< -0.25") In prior versions of Excel there are various ways to accomplish this, but probably the simplest is an array formula as follows =SUM((A2:A14>-0.5)*(A2:A14< =-0.25)) you have to press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER all together to enter the SUM formula as an array. When you do this correctly the formula looks like this in the formula bar: {=SUM((A2:A14>-0.5)*(A2:A14<=-0.25))} I won’t go into the logic of the array formula here, other than to say that when a SUM formula is entered as an array it gives you a COUNT instead of a SUM. Mynda.

  43. jose aviles says

    hi, I am trying to use excel with xlite soft phone. I am unable to find the formula to connect excel with xlite.. to better explain myself, i use excel to contact customers for business… i need excel to direct itself after i double click on the cube to xlite… and xlite calls for me, instead of me cpoy and past the numbers.. thanks… could some please send me the formula or an excel that already has the formula activated..